Isolates and Extraction


Understanding extraction methods, processes, and approaches along with their effect on the cannabis plant.


Solvent Extraction

The plant is soaked in a solvent such as grain alcohol, butane, or propane.


Following full saturation the solvent is evaporated, leaving only concentrated THC

or CBD rich oil.


Positive: Lower equipment costs

Positive: Ideal for preserving terpenoids

Negative: Time-consuming process


CO2 Extraction

CO2 is forced through the plant by a series of chambers that control temperature and

pressure.


The cannabinoids separate into different chambers, the extractor then chooses which

different properties to include.


Positive: Yields more product

Positive: Decreased material losses

Negative: Higher equipment expenses


Full-Spectrum

Full-spectrum extract products contain every cannabinoid present in the cannabis

plant.


Whole plant derived products, including terpenes, flavonoids, essential oils, and

amino acids.


Isolate

Contain only one cannabinoid, which is completely separated from other

compounds in the plant.


Cannabinoid isolation decreases the overall bioavailability and absorption of cannabis

properties.


The Entourage Effect

When cannabis is smoked or vaporized, our bodies take in hundreds of botanical compounds. Each of which provides their own unique benefits and effects to our bodies. Their behaviour changes in the presence of other compounds, known as “The Entourage Effect”.


THC and CBD concentration, combined with other cannabinoids and terpenes present in a particular plant can drastically change the ‘high’ one might experience when consuming cannabis. Similar to how one’s mood might change in different social settings, cannabis also has drastic changes with different properties present in the plant.

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